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  • Writer's pictureOliver Walsh

The Impact of Dynamic Injunctions in Protecting Copyright during Sporting Events: A Case Study of Star India Private Limited v 


As reported by the legal case of Star India Private Limited and Anor v and Ors has significantly impacted copyright protection during major sports events in India, thanks to the judiciary's use of dynamic injunctions. This blog post takes a closer look at the details of the case and explores its potential implications for the media industry. 



Disney Star, the powerhouse behind numerous TV channels and the Disney+ Hotstar streaming platform were at the forefront of defending their exclusive media rights. Owning the broadcasting rights for major sports events, including ICC and BCCI cricket matches, the stakes were high, especially during the 2023 ICC Men's Cricket World Cup. 


The Challenge: 

The plaintiffs were dealing with a persistent problem - the widespread illegal streaming and broadcasting of major sporting events. Although they had obtained successful injunctions in the past, the number of pirate websites that popped up during live events continued to rise, posing a severe threat to their exclusive broadcasting rights. Therefore, they needed a more effective and adaptable legal solution to tackle this issue. 


The Legal Strategy: 

Addressing the urgency, Star India and Novi Digital sought an injunction against nine identified rogue websites. Their demand extended beyond traditional measures, advocating for a dynamic injunction to swiftly address any new infringing sites that emerged during the World Cup.  


Court's Response: 

The court recognized the significant investment made by the plaintiffs in securing exclusive media rights and the need for effective digital-age remedies. An interim injunction was granted, not only restraining the nine defendants but also empowering the plaintiffs to act against any new infringing sites in real time. This decision marked a significant shift towards dynamic injunctions, allowing quick responses to protect intellectual property in the rapidly evolving digital landscape.  


The Outcome: 

The dynamic injunctions proved effective. Three months into its implementation, the plaintiffs reported 406 additional rogue sites, which the court promptly recorded. This action underscored the necessity and effectiveness of dynamic injunctions in the fight against copyright infringement during live sporting events.  



Dynamic injunctions, as evidenced in this case, have emerged as a formidable tool against copyright infringement. Unlike traditional legal remedies, which often lag behind the rapidly evolving nature of digital piracy, dynamic injunctions offer a real-time response. This adaptability is crucial in combating the proliferation of rogue websites, particularly during high-profile events like the ICC Men's Cricket World Cup. 


The success of this approach in the Star India case is a beacon for other rights holders facing similar challenges. It demonstrates the effectiveness of dynamic legal strategies in safeguarding intellectual property rights in an increasingly digital world. The swift action enabled by dynamic injunctions deters potential infringers and minimizes the financial and reputational damage to rights holders. 


Moreover, this case highlights the importance of collaboration between various stakeholders, including internet service providers, domain name registrars, and governmental authorities, in enforcing these injunctions. Such cooperation is essential to ensure the court orders' quick and effective implementation. 


Looking ahead, I see the Star India v case is likely to set a precedent for future copyright disputes, particularly in sectors where live broadcasting is a crucial component. It opens the door for more proactive and flexible legal measures, ensuring that rights holders can better protect their investments and creative content against the ever-changing landscape of digital piracy. 



The Star India v case is a landmark in the journey towards more dynamic and effective copyright protection strategies. It indicates that legal systems are evolving to meet the challenges of the digital age, offering hope and guidance for content creators and rights holders worldwide. As we move forward, it will be interesting to observe how this approach reshapes the landscape of intellectual property rights protection, setting new standards and practices for the digital era. 


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